Black Communities Will Be Disproportionately Affected If States Have to Ration Coronavirus Care

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By Emiene Wright

April 8, 2020

The effects of environmental, economic, and political discrimination have left African Americans with higher risks of chronic conditions, moving them further down the list of priority patients.

As hospitals encounter a critical shortage of ventilator machines and attendant medical supplies across the nation, medical experts are developing criteria to ration scarce resources and prioritizing who gets top-notch care. The move doesn’t bode well for African Americans, despite being disproportionately impacted by coronavirus infection and fatalities. 

Several states hit hard by the pandemic, including Washington and Pennsylvania, have released guidance for hospitals and medical providers on rationing care. Massachusetts issued state-sanctioned guidelines directing medical staff to assign numerical scores to patients testing positive for coronavirus or COVID-19. Preference is given to medical professionals and people who are younger and healthier, as they’re seen as having a greater chance of survival and living longer. 

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But the effects of environmental, economic, and political discrimination have compounded in America for generations, leaving Black people with higher risks of chronic conditions such as asthma, heart disease, hypertension and diabetes—conditions that would move them further down the list of priority patients. These conditions have already yielded deadly results. 

Black people in Michigan, who are 14% of the population, made up 33% of cases and 40% of deaths. Black people made up 42% of Illinois fatalities but only 14.6% of the state’s population. In Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, Black people represent 26% of the population, but almost half of the county’s 945 cases and 81% of its deaths. 

The American Medical Association called for standardizing the reporting of race and ethnicity data in order to understand and manage the pandemic, but as it stands only a handful of states are collecting and publishing that information. And last week, five Democratic lawmakers wrote Health and Human Services demanding the federal government collect and release the breakdown of coronavirus cases by race and ethnicity. Without demographic data, health officials and lawmakers won’t be able to address inequities in health outcomes.

Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, addressed the disparities during Tuesday’s White House coronavirus press briefing

“Sometimes when you’re in the middle of a crisis, like we are now with the coronavirus, it really does have, ultimately, shine a very bright light on some of the real weaknesses and foibles in our society,” Fauci said.


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